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Francisco de Goya

Master of Spanish Art & Black Paintings

Dive into the mesmerizing universe of Francisco de Goya (Goya Black paintings), an iconic artist whose masterful strokes went beyond mere artistry to imprint deep stories onto the tapestry of time.
Francisco de Goya, Seated Giant (1819)
Francisco de Goya, The Forge (circa 1815-1820)

Francisco de Goya

Birth and Death

March 30, 1746 – April 16, 1828



Artistic Movements

Romanticism, Rococo (early career), and Proto-Modern Art


Goya began his art education at the age of 14 under the tutelage of painter José Luzán. He later moved to Madrid to study with Anton Raphael Mengs, a prominent painter at the Spanish court, who introduced him to Neoclassical style.

Fields of Work

Goya was renowned for his work as a painter, printmaker, and during his later years, a pioneer in the pictorial expression of human psychology. He excelled in portraits, historical subjects, and commentary on social, political, and psychological themes.

Artistic Influences

Goya was influenced by the works of Rembrandt and Velázquez, the latter's approach to realism and court portraits particularly shaping his early career. The darker tones and themes of his later works suggest he was also influenced by his personal experiences, including illness and the turmoil of the Napoleonic Wars.

Influence on Other Artists

Goya is considered the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns. His bold techniques and the thematic complexity of his works have influenced a wide range of artists, from Édouard Manet and Pablo Picasso to Francis Bacon and the Expressionists.

Friends and Collaborators

Goya had connections with many influential figures of his time, including Martín Zapater, his lifelong friend, and Manuel Godoy, Spain's Prime Minister, who commissioned several works from him. He also had a complex relationship with the Spanish royal family, who were both his patrons and subjects of his critical eye.

Iconic Works

Some of Goya's most famous works include "The Third of May 1808", "The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters", "Saturn Devouring His Son", and "The Naked Maja".

Museum Presence

Goya's works are displayed in major museums around the world, including the Prado Museum in Madrid, the Louvre in Paris, and the National Gallery in London, showcasing his significant contribution to the art world.

Francisco de Goya: Unveiling the Shadows of the Soul Through Art

Francisco de Goya stands as a towering figure in the realm of fine arts, bridging the gap between the Old Masters and the modern art movement. Born in 1746 in Fuendetodos, Spain, Goya's work transcended the rococo and romanticism of his early career to explore deeper, often darker themes that presaged contemporary art's psychological depth. Esteemed for his profound impact on both the art and the artists that followed, Goya's legacy is unparalleled, with his ability to capture the complexities of human nature, societal tumult, and the unseen depths of the psyche. This article delves into Goya's life, his evolution as an artist, his most iconic works, and his enduring influence on the art world. Through exploring Goya's journey, we uncover how his innovations laid the groundwork for future generations, cementing his place as a pivotal figure in the transition towards modern artistic expression.

The Turbulent Times of Francisco de Goya: Enlightenment, War, and Revolution 

Francisco de Goya lived through a period of profound upheaval and transformation in Spain and Europe at large, experiences that deeply influenced his work and artistic evolution. Born in the mid-18th century, Goya witnessed the Enlightenment, a movement that emphasized reason, science, and individualism, challenging traditional social hierarchies and institutions. This intellectual climate fostered a spirit of questioning and exploration in Goya, evident in his nuanced portrayals of human nature and societal norms.

The turn of the century brought the Peninsular War (1808–1814), a devastating conflict between Spain and France under Napoleon Bonaparte, which resulted in the occupation of Spain by French forces. The brutality and horrors of war profoundly impacted Goya, leading to some of his most powerful and haunting works, such as "The Disasters of War" series, which depicted the atrocities committed against Spanish civilians. This period marked a significant shift in Goya's art from the ornate to the stark and somber, reflecting the artist's disillusionment with the ideals of reason and progress espoused by the Enlightenment against the backdrop of human cruelty and irrationality.

Moreover, Goya's role as a court painter to the Spanish monarchy allowed him a unique vantage point to observe the political and social elite, often critiquing the corruption and decadence he saw. His works from this period, including the famous "Los Caprichos" series, use satire and fantasy to comment on societal follies and vices, showcasing his critical engagement with the cultural and political dynamics of his time.

The culmination of these experiences—enlightened intellectualism, the horrors of war, and the critique of societal norms—propelled Goya into a unique position. His art transcended traditional boundaries, making him a precursor to modern artistic expressions that explore the complexities and contradictions of the human condition.

The Fascinating Life of Goya: Untold Stories and Artistic Collaborations

Francisco de Goya's life was as rich and complex as his art, filled with intriguing anecdotes and encounters that offer a glimpse into the character of this revolutionary artist. One of the most fascinating aspects of Goya's life was his relationship with the Spanish royalty. Despite his critical views on society and politics, Goya served as the court painter to King Charles IV. This position put him in close contact with the royal family, for whom he created some of his most famous portraits. These works, while ostensibly flattering, often contained subtle critiques of the subjects’ vanity or the artificiality of their positions, showcasing Goya's nuanced understanding of power dynamics.

Goya's friendship with other prominent figures of his time, like the playwright and politician Leandro Fernández de Moratín, provided him with intellectual stimulation and a connection to the liberal ideas of the Enlightenment. This circle of friends was crucial for Goya's exposure to the progressive ideas that influenced his later, more politically charged works.

A lesser-known aspect of Goya's life is his serious illness in the late 1790s, which left him permanently deaf. This personal tragedy profoundly affected Goya, leading to a shift in his work towards darker, more introspective themes. His "Black Paintings," a series of murals painted directly onto the walls of his house, the Quinta del Sordo (House of the Deaf Man), are a testament to his inner turmoil and disillusionment with society.

Another intriguing episode occurred later in Goya's life when he produced the "Tauromaquia" series, a collection of etchings that depicted the art of bullfighting. Despite the violent subject matter, these works are considered among the finest representations of movement and drama in art, demonstrating Goya's unparalleled skill in capturing the essence of Spanish culture and the human condition.

Goya's influence extended beyond his lifetime, impacting artists such as Édouard Manet and Pablo Picasso. His legacy is not just in the art he produced but also in his fearless exploration of the human psyche, his critique of society, and his unyielding search for truth through the medium of paint and etching. Goya remains a figure of immense intrigue and respect, a master who painted not just what he saw, but what he felt and thought about the world around him.

Deciphering Goya's Masterpieces: A Deep Dive into His Iconic Art

Francisco de Goya's oeuvre is a testament to his evolution from court painter to a critical observer of society, war, and human nature. Among his most significant works, "The Third of May 1808" stands out for its raw depiction of the brutality of war. This painting diverges from the glorified war portraits of the time, instead presenting a stark, emotive scene of French soldiers executing Spanish resistors. The use of light to highlight the victim's innocence and the faceless portrayal of the executioners criticizes the dehumanization inherent in war, marking a profound shift towards modern representations of conflict and suffering.

Another pivotal work, "Saturn Devouring His Son," from his Black Paintings series, delves into the dark recesses of the human psyche. This horrifying depiction of the mythological figure consuming his child is rendered with visceral realism, reflecting Goya's disillusionment with humanity. The technique—loose, almost frenetic brushstrokes—enhances the painting's nightmarish quality, influencing the expressionist movement and artists interested in exploring themes of fear and madness.

"The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters," an etching from his "Los Caprichos" series, encapsulates Goya's critique of Spanish society. The image of a man asleep, assailed by creatures of the night, serves as a metaphor for reason's failure to curb the darkness of ignorance and superstition. This work not only illustrates Goya's mastery of the etching medium but also his philosophical perspective on the Enlightenment's limitations, foreshadowing the existential concerns of modern art.

Through these works, Goya left an indelible mark on the art world, challenging conventions and paving the way for future generations to explore the complexities of human nature and the absurdities of the social order. His innovative techniques and thematic depth continue to resonate, making him a pivotal figure in the transition from the old masters to modern artistic expression.

Goya's Enduring Impact: Shaping Modern Art and Contemporary Thought

Francisco de Goya's profound influence extends well beyond his lifetime, resonating deeply with contemporary art and culture. His exploration of the human condition, societal critique, and pioneering techniques have inspired countless artists and movements.

Goya is often cited as a precursor to modernism, with his bold experimentation and expressive use of paint foreshadowing expressionism and surrealism. Artists like Édouard Manet, Pablo Picasso, and Francis Bacon have drawn inspiration from Goya's work, particularly his ability to convey emotion and critique social and political issues. His impact is also evident in the themes of absurdity and existential dread explored by the existentialist movement and in the raw emotional intensity found in expressionist art.

Goya's legacy is a testament to the enduring power of art to challenge, reflect, and influence society and culture across ages.

Goya in His Own Words: Philosophical Insights and Artistic Vision

Francisco de Goya, a man of profound insight and critical thought, left behind words that echo his artistic philosophy and worldview. Though direct quotes from Goya are scarce, his letters and the themes of his art suggest a deep contemplation of humanity and its follies.

One could imagine him reflecting on the nature of his work and era with sentiments akin to, "The dream of reason produces monsters," a caption from his "Los Caprichos" series, highlighting the fine line between reason and madness. This phrase encapsulates Goya's belief in the power and peril of human intellect and imagination. Another resonant thought could be inspired by his approach to art and life: "To paint is to think and feel," underscoring his conviction that art was not merely a visual experience but a profound expression of thought and emotion.

Through these reflections, Goya's legacy as a thinker and artist profoundly questioning and depicting the human condition endures, inspiring generations to ponder the complexities of society, humanity, and the self.

Reflecting on Francisco de Goya: The Timeless Relevance of a Master's Legacy

Francisco de Goya emerges not only as a pivotal figure in the transition from the Old Masters to the modern era of art but also as a profound commentator on the human condition. Through his life, marked by significant historical upheavals, personal trials, and a deep engagement with the intellectual currents of his time, Goya's work transcends mere visual representation to explore the depths of human nature, society, and the psyche. His major works, from the stark realism of "The Third of May 1808" to the haunting visions of "The Black Paintings" and the satirical etchings of "Los Caprichos," showcase his innovative approach to art, blending technique, emotion, and critical insight.

Goya's influence on subsequent generations of artists and movements is undeniable, with echoes of his thematic concerns and stylistic innovations visible in the works of modern and contemporary artists. His legacy invites us to reflect on the role of art as a mirror to society, a critique of its ills, and a vehicle for personal expression and exploration.

We are encouraged, therefore, to revisit Goya's work, to delve into the complexity of his imagery, and to consider the ways in which his art continues to challenge, provoke, and inspire. In doing so, we engage with a body of work that remains as relevant and compelling today as it was in Goya's time, a testament to the enduring power of art to reflect the best and worst of humanity.

Goya Overview

Francisco de Goya is one of the most pivotal figures in the history of Spanish art. Renowned for his profound paintings, etchings, and frescoes, Goya is often heralded as the precursor to the Modern art movement. His work reflects a tumultuous period of history, marked by political upheaval and societal changes in Spain and across Europe.

Goya Early Years (1746–1771)

This section details Goya's formative years, where he was born to a middle-class family in Fuendetodos, Aragon. He learned the basics of painting under José Luzán and later sought to further his education in Madrid, showing early signs of his independent spirit and innovative approach to art.

Goya Visit to Italy

Goya's journey to Italy marked a significant period of personal and artistic growth. He studied the classical works and participated in art competitions, which exposed him to different styles and techniques that later influenced his artistic development.

Goya back to Madrid (1775–1789)

Upon returning to Madrid, Goya married Josefa Bayeu and began working on tapestry designs for the Spanish monarchy. This period was significant for establishing his reputation as an artist with a unique and evolving style.

Goya as a Court Painter

Goya's ascent to the role of court painter solidified his place within the Spanish aristocracy. His portraits displayed a level of honesty and realism that was both admired and critiqued, setting the stage for his complex relationship with the power structures of his time.

Goya Middle Period (1793–1799)

After a severe illness that left him deaf, Goya's work took a darker turn. He became Director of the Royal Academy and Prime Court Painter, producing some of his most notable and daring works, including "La maja desnuda."

Goya During the Peninsular War (1808–1814)

The brutality of the Peninsular War deeply affected Goya, leading to some of his most poignant works, including "The Second of May 1808" and "The Third of May 1808." These paintings reflect the horrors of war and its impact on humanity.

Quinta del Sordo and Black Paintings (1819–1822)

In his later years, Goya created the haunting 'Black Paintings' on the walls of his home, Quinta del Sordo. These works are symbolic of his despair and disillusionment with society and political developments in Spain.

Goya in Bordeaux (October 1824 – 1828)

Goya spent his final years in Bordeaux, France, in self-imposed exile. Even in his later years and suffering from health issues, he continued to create, leaving behind a final testament to his enduring artistic spirit.

Goya's Influence on Modern and Contemporary Artists and Writers

Goya's work has had a profound impact on various artists and writers over the centuries. This section explores his lasting legacy and the ways in which his approach to art has inspired modern and contemporary creatives.

Here's a consolidated list of references and links in English, including websites we've used in this chat and additional resources for further information on Francisco de Goya:

1. The Metropolitan Museum of Art - Francisco de Goya (1746–1828) and the Spanish Enlightenment
   - An essay exploring Goya's life and work within the Spanish Enlightenment context.
   - [The Met Museum](

2. **Delve Magazine - Francisco Goya: An Illustration on how Life Affects Art**
   - Discusses how political turmoil in Spain influenced Goya's work.
   - [Delve Magazine](

3. **TheArtStory - Francisco Goya Paintings, Bio, Ideas**
   - Overview of Goya's life, works, and contributions to art history.
   - [TheArtStory](

4. **Artsy - Understanding Francisco de Goya through 6 Pivotal Artworks**
   - Analysis of key artworks by Goya.
   - [Artsy](

5. **Wikipedia - Francisco de Goya**
   - Comprehensive overview of Goya's life and work.
   - [Wikipedia - Francisco de Goya](

6. **Museo del Prado - Goya**
   - The Prado Museum's collection of works by Goya.
   - [Museo del Prado](

7. **Google Arts & Culture - Francisco de Goya**
   - Virtual exhibitions and collections of Goya's art.
   - [Google Arts & Culture](

8. **Fundación Goya en Aragón**
   - Dedicated to Goya's life and work, with a focus on his connection to Aragón, Spain.
   - [Fundación Goya en Aragón](

9. **Masterpiece Makers Podcast: Francisco de Goya**
   - Podcast episode discussing Goya's life and one of his most famous works, "The Third of May, 1808."
   - [Apple Podcasts](

10. **Episode 92: Francisco de Goya: Art in the Time of Darkness - BYWART Podcast**
    - An episode focusing on the darker side of Goya's art.
    - [BYWART Podcast](

This list includes a mix of scholarly articles, museum collections, podcasts, and general overviews, offering a comprehensive understanding of Francisco de Goya's life, work, and enduring influence on the art world.

Visions of Goya: A Spectrum of Genius

From royal salons to the profound depths of the soul, immerse yourself in the visual legacy of Francisco de Goya. Uncover the narrative behind each masterstroke.

Exploring Goya's Most Significant works

A Deep Dive into Goya's Artistic Legacy

Francisco de Goya, The Third of May 1808 (1814)-1

The Third of May 1808: A Defiance of Darkness

Goya's haunting masterpiece captures the brutality of war and the resilience of the human spirit.
In 'The Third of May 1808,' (1814) Goya depicts a chilling scene from the Peninsular War. Spanish civilians face a firing squad of French soldiers. The central figure, bathed in light, symbolizes innocence and sacrifice, while the soldiers remain in shadow, faceless and dehumanized. This iconic work is a powerful testament to the horrors of war and the indomitable spirit of resistance.
Francisco de Goya, Saturn Devouring His Son (1819-1823)

Saturn Devouring His Son : A Glimpse into Madness

Goya's grotesque portrayal of Saturn's myth explores themes of destruction and primal fear.

In 'Saturn Devouring His Son,' (1819-1823) Goya ventures into the deep and unsettling corners of the human psyche, delving into the intricacies of our darkest desires. This haunting masterpiece depicts the mythological god Saturn, consumed by a maddening paranoia that compels him to devour his very own offspring.

Goya's masterful brushstrokes bring to life a horrific scene, capturing the anguish and terror of this act of ultimate betrayal. The grotesque and nightmarish imagery serves as a chilling reminder of the inherent capacity within all of us for unspeakable cruelty and self-destruction. Through this haunting exploration, Goya forces us to confront the depths of our own nature, challenging us to examine the fine line between sanity and madness, and the potential darkness that lies within us all.

Francisco de Goya, Nude Maja 1797–1800

The Nude Maja: An Artistic Revolution

Goya's audacious portrayal challenges conventions and celebrates female sensuality.
In 'The Nude Maja,' (1797-1800) Goya defied societal norms by depicting a reclining nude woman. This ground-breaking work challenged the rigid constraints of Spanish censorship. The painting celebrates female sensuality and marked a pivotal moment in the history of art, pushing boundaries and embracing the beauty of the human form.

The Enduring Influence of Francisco de Goya: A Legacy in Art and Beyond

Exploring the Impact, Relevance, and Everlasting Contributions of the Great Spanish Master

Francisco de Goya's legacy transcends time, leaving an indelible mark on the art world and beyond. This article explores the profound and lasting impact of the Spanish master, showcasing his contributions to art, culture, and society. From revolutionary artistic techniques to a fearless exploration of the human condition, Goya's legacy is a testament to his enduring influence.

Revolutionizing Artistic Expression

Goya was a trailblazer in the art world, pushing the boundaries of artistic expression. His innovative techniques, such as his use of dark palettes and bold brushwork, challenged traditional norms and laid the foundation for modern art movements. Goya's willingness to experiment with form and content set him apart as a visionary artist who reshaped the art of his time.

A Witness to History

Goya's art served as a powerful witness to the tumultuous events of his era. His paintings and etchings captured the horrors of war, the complexities of Spanish society, and the shifting political landscape. Goya's ability to reflect the reality of his time through his art made him a chronicler of history, ensuring that future generations could glimpse the past through his eyes.

Influence on Art Movements

Goya's artistic innovations resonated deeply with later generations of artists. His exploration of the human psyche and his fearless approach to dark themes had a profound impact on art movements like Expressionism and Surrealism. Visionaries like Picasso and Dalí found inspiration in Goya's work, incorporating elements of his style and themes into their own creations.

Beyond the Canvas: Goya's Literary Impact

Goya's influence extended beyond the visual arts and into the realm of literature. Esteemed authors and poets drew inspiration from his paintings and etchings, weaving Goya's imagery and themes into their literary works. His art became a source of inspiration for storytelling, enriching the world of literature with his visual narratives.

The Ongoing Relevance of His Themes

The themes explored in Goya's art continue to resonate in contemporary society. His powerful depictions of the horrors of war, the human condition, and societal injustices remain relevant and thought-provoking. Artists and activists alike draw on Goya's legacy to address modern-day challenges and to advocate for social change.

Goya's Presence in Popular Culture

Goya's art and persona have left an indelible mark on popular culture. His paintings have been referenced in films, music, and advertising, serving as symbols of artistic depth and cultural significance. Goya's influence extends to unexpected places, where his art continues to captivate and inspire.

Legacy in Art Education

Goya's impact is felt in art education worldwide. His works are studied by aspiring artists and art historians, providing valuable insights into technique, composition, and storytelling. Goya's presence in the curriculum ensures that his legacy endures as a source of inspiration for future generations of artists.

A Timeless Artistic Icon

In conclusion, Francisco de Goya stands as a timeless artistic icon whose legacy reaches far beyond the confines of the canvas. His contributions to art, culture, and society remain as relevant today as they were in his time. Goya's enduring influence serves as a testament to the power of art to transcend eras, leaving an indomitable mark on the world. As we continue to explore his works and the impact they have had on our world, we are reminded of the enduring legacy of a true artistic visionary.

20 Memorable Quotes by Francisco de Goya

Exploring the Profound Insights and Artistic Philosophy of the Spanish Master

"The purpose of art is washing the dust of daily life off our souls."


Fantasy, abandoned by reason, produces impossible monsters.



"I am still learning."



"I painted them as I saw them."


"I saw it in my mind as if it were a real scene."



"A true artist must be a leader."



"The world is a masquerade."


  1. "The painter who does not feel attains nothing."



"Art is the lie that enables us to realize the truth."



"The act of painting can be a kind of prayer."




"There is no greater glory than love."


"Imagination abandoned by reason produces impossible monsters: united with her, she is the mother of the arts and the source of their wonders."



"Fantasy, if it's really convincing, can't become dated, for the simple reason that it represents a flight into a dimension that lies beyond the reach of time."



"Reason in art is like light in an artist's studio, it illuminates what it does not explain."



"Those who do not want to imitate anything, produce nothing."



"To be true, painting must have no other goal than itself."




"The painter's imagination is a dimly lit torch of the mind, casting its feeble light into obscure corners."



The sleep of reason produces monsters



"The artist who intends to rise above himself must surpass himself in his works."



Francisco de Goya: Multimedia Exploration

Goya's Life and Art in Videos and Interviews

Goya Virtual Tours

Goya's Graphic Imagination

The Met hosted a virtual exhibition titled "Goya's Graphic Imagination." It features a tour with Mark McDonald, Curator in the Department of Drawings and Prints, exploring how Goya's drawings and prints conveyed his complex ideas against the backdrop of societal and political turbulence. More details about the exhibition can be found on The Metropolitan Museum of Art's website.

Drawings from the Prado Museum at NGV

The National Gallery of Victoria (NGV) presented over 160 works on paper by Goya, celebrating the artist's extraordinary imagination. Find more information about this exhibition by visiting the NGV's website.

Goya Museum

Offers a virtual tour of its collection that includes 15 essential works by Goya. You can also enjoy over 800 videos about the works of the Goya Museum on their YouTube channel. Discover more and access the virtual tour by visiting Goya Museum's website.

Francisco de Goya, The Sabbath of witches (1797-98)

Meadows Museum, Dallas

The museum's past exhibition "Goya’s Visions in Ink" highlighted the acquisition of Francisco de Goya’s ink drawing. For more information on future exhibitions and Goya's works, visit Meadows Museum's website.

Francisco Goya y Lucientes, Pintor (Francisco Goya y Lucientes, painter) (1796-1797)

Norton Simon Museum

Presented "I Saw It: Francisco de Goya, Printmaker," showcasing Goya’s four major print series in their entirety. Check for current events and exhibitions related to Goya by visiting Norton Simon Museum's website.

Francisco de Goya, Nude Maja 1797–1800

Joy of Museums Virtual Tours

This virtual tour showcases works by Francisco de Goya, including famous pieces like "The Third of May 1808" and "Saturn Devouring His Son." Explore these and other significant works by visiting Joy of Museums.

Francisco de Goya, Ensayos. (Trials.) (1796-1797)

The Hyde Collection

Hosted an online exhibition titled "Francisco Goya: The Caprichos Etchings and Aquatints," where Goya critiqued Spanish society at the end of the 18th century. You can explore the collection and potentially view the exhibition online by visiting The Hyde Collection's website.

Goya Documentaries

Know the Artist: Francisco de Goya

Explore the life and art of Francisco de Goya in this informative video.


The life of the Spanish painter Francisco Goya

Discover the beginnings and fame of Francisco Goya in this video.


Francisco de Goya: A collection of 289 paintings (HD)

Enjoy a collection of 289 paintings by Francisco de Goya in high definition.

Goya - A documentary

 This documentary delves into Goya's enduring legacy in modern art.

Dark Goya (Full length): The later Works

It provides an in-depth examination of one of Goya's most renowned masterpieces, known as "the dark paintings."

The Most Disturbing Painting - A Different Take on Saturn Devouring His Son

Delving into the personal history behind the Black Paintings unveils the chilling depths of this iconic artwork.

Goya: The Romantic Pioneer Whose Paintings Took A Dark Turn

Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes is hailed as the preeminent Spanish artist of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Throughout his illustrious career, Goya's artistic journey took a profound shift from cheerful and whimsical creations to hauntingly pessimistic masterpieces. The question remains, what triggered this transformation?

The Disturbing Paintings of Francisco Goya

In this detail video, we're going to take a look at the dark side of Francisco de Goya!

Learn About Goya: Educational Tools and Resources

Books and Articles on Francisco de Goya

Goya Books


  1. "Goya: A Portrait of the Artist" by Janis Tomlinson - This book offers a comprehensive look into the life and work of Goya, presenting his art against the backdrop of the social and political turmoil of his times. It aims to clear the contradictions in how Goya's work has been interpreted over the years and gives insight into his dual-track career of public commissions and private explorations​.

  2. "Francisco de Goya and the Art of Critique" by Anthony J. Cascardi - In this innovative study, Cascardi examines the critical function within Goya's works, challenging traditional views that focus mainly on his darker images. The book explores how Goya's entire oeuvre engages in a critique of the modern social and historical world and provides an alternative reading of his work that underscores his continuous engagement in critical response rather than mere representation​.

Goya Articles for Art History Enthusiasts

  1. An essay featured on The Metropolitan Museum of Art's Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History explores Goya's life and work within the context of the Spanish Enlightenment. It discusses how his art evolved from cheerful to deeply pessimistic, reflecting the social and political changes of his time. The essay also examines Goya's response to the atrocities of war, particularly through his "Disasters of War" print series, and his portrayal of the brutal reality of the Peninsular War through works like "The Third of May 1808". This comprehensive resource provides a scholarly backdrop to Goya's life and artistic journey (

  2. Delve Magazine provides an illustration of how Goya's life experiences, particularly the political upheavals of his time, influenced his art. It discusses Goya's role as a "tragic poet" in the backdrop of Napoleon's advances on Spain, and how his works like "The Third of May 1808" and the "Disasters of War" etchings were affected by these circumstances. The article offers insights into Goya's artistic intentions and his use of imagery to express the horrors of war and the resilience of the Spanish spirit (

  3. TheArtStory features a piece that highlights some of Goya's most pivotal artworks, explaining their historical context and the artist's innovative approach. It delves into how Goya's personal challenges, such as his illness that led to deafness, impacted his artistic expression. The article provides an understanding of the symbolic meaning behind works such as "The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters" and how Goya's dark subject matter and mood influenced future art movements like Surrealism (

  4. Artsy presents an analysis of six significant artworks by Goya, discussing how they mark the advent of modernity and reveal his unique viewpoint on the absurdities and terrors of contemporary life. The article discusses how Goya's role as a court painter allowed him to critique power structures subtly, as seen in works like "Naked Maja" and "Saturn Devouring His Son." The article suggests that Goya's work prefigured the expression of modern anxieties, making his art resonate even today (

Goya Podcast & Audios

  1. Masterpiece Makers: Francisco de Goya - This episode from the Masterpiece Makers podcast series talks about Francisco de Goya as one of the old masters and the first modern painter, discussing his unique style that set him apart from his contemporaries. The episode includes a focus on one of his most famous works, "The Third of May, 1808." You can listen to it on Apple Podcasts.

  2. Episode 92: Francisco de Goya: Art in the Time of Darkness - This episode is from a podcast series that celebrates art's "least willing Goth," aligning with Scorpio Season and All Souls Day. It seems to provide a deep dive into the darker side of Goya's art, aligning his work with the themes of the time. More details can be found on BYWART Podcast.

Online lectures and expert talks on Goya

1. The Metropolitan Museum of Art offers an essay that delves into Goya's life and the Spanish Enlightenment, exploring his journey from jovial and light-hearted themes to deeply pessimistic works. It provides context on how Goya's work was shaped by and reflected the political and social changes of his time. For more on Goya's work within the context of Spanish history and the Enlightenment

2. Context Travel presents "Goya the Great with Sabry Amroussi", a lecture that offers a detailed visual and intellectual analysis of Goya’s masterpieces. It explores his themes, styles, and personal history. This lecture is suitable for all ages and includes a Q&A session. 

3. The Townsend Center for the Humanities at UC Berkeley hosted "Francisco de Goya and the Art of Critique" by Anthony Cascardi, which probes the relationship between Goya’s work and themes of modernity, Enlightenment, and critique. Cascardi challenges conventional interpretations of Goya's work, arguing for a consistent critical engagement with social and historical issues across his body of work. For insights into Goya's critical approach to art.

4. Arts & Humanities at UC Berkeley provides an abstract of the book "Francisco de Goya and the Art of Critique" by Anthony J Cascardi, which examines Goya’s engagement in a critique of modern social and historical worlds. The book offers a different perspective on Goya's work, including his scenes of bourgeois life and portraits of aristocrats, military men, and intellectuals. 

Join the Conversation: Discussing Francisco de Goya's Art

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